This module gives to the student following basic objectives
- Basic definitions of eco-design.
- Understand basic materials in footwear and textile industry.
- Understand the design optimization and collection structure from the view of eco-design.
- Understand the possibilities of virtual prototyping and 3D printing.
- Understand the packaging materials and how to minimize the volume of packaging.
What You Will Learn
In the past, products have been designed and developed without considering their potential impact on the environment. Typical factors considered in product design include function, quality, cost, ergonomics and safety. However, consideration was historically rarely given to the environmental aspects of a product throughout its entire life cycle. However, this module give the information on the environmental impact occurred from other life cycle stages such as:
- Use of different types of basic material (for ex. - different types of leather and textile)
- Production processes for these materials,
- Use of other materials in footwear and textile industry (for ex. Packaging materials) and
- New prototyping methods.
Frequently asked questions
What restrictions must be met for the incorporation of a recycled material in footwear components that will have direct contact with the foot? Per example: tires, plastic waste or other materials that were originally not manufactured for direct contact with our skin but are often options in Ecodesign footwear.
Recycled materials should met the following restrictions: Waste framework directive, REACH regulation, Product safety directive and other if needed from local state legislation.
What software tools can be used to measure the reduction of environmental impact, achieved after the implementation of the Ecodesign methodology in a product?
There are many companies/tools calculating the environmental impact for companies and individuals: CoClear, Cool Farm Tool, Cool climate, Corporate value chain, Product life cycle standard, etc. Softwares are also accaccessible on ShoeBAT and CO2 shoe project web page tool. Short list of green living calculation tools for everybody can be find on: https://www.calculators.org/health/green.php
Nowadays, the most frequent reason for footwear purchase is fashion. Is there a connection between fashion designers and footwear or textile producers to improve towards a more sustainable production/consumption?
This are some organizations that connect the different parts of the industry, by collaborations and networking
SAC (Sustainable Apparel Coalition)
The Sustainable Apparel Coalition is the apparel, footwear, and textile industry’s leading alliance for sustainable production. Through SAC membership, brands, retailers, and manufacturers commit to transparency, the sharing of best practices, and making meaningful improvements, a full-circle collaboration that benefits all involved.
The ZDHC (Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals) Foundation
Is a collaboration of major fashion brands, value chain affiliates and associations committed to the zero discharge of hazardous chemicals (ZDHC) in the supply chain, working together to empower the global textile, leather, apparel and footwear value chain to substitute hazardous chemicals for safer ones in the production process.
Does exist any software to calculate best consumption of synthetic materials on footwear or garment mass production?
Yes. Probably every better automatic cutting machine for synthetic material has the customised software for nesting the synthetic materials.
Is there any basic material consumption tool for footwear industry everybody can use?
Basic material consumption calculation tool everybody can use is so called "Parallelogram area" calculation tool.