- Provide information about the Carbon Footprint Concept.
- Presentation of methods of carbon footprint calculation.
- Presentation of standards used for determination of carbon footprint.
- Elucidation of differences between various standards (limitations, applications, approach).
- Specification and description of mitigation methods.
What You Will Learn
In the module there are presented various aspects related to the concept of Carbon Footprint. It includes introduction to the problems of climate changes assigned to man-made sources. There is also information about various methods of carbon footprint calculation of both products as well as whole organisations. It includes presentation of simple calculation tools as well as sophisticated methods based on various standards, in particular international standards. The information provided will help to find the best method to evaluate the impact of various products/institutions and to obtain an internationally accepted certificate. There are also presented examples of solutions introduced by various companies to reduce the environmental impact. Implementation of methods for determination of carbon footprint will allow the identification of the stages of product LCA which are the most detrimental to environment and thus make it possible to introduce measures to reduce the carbon footprint. The benefits of such an approach will include improvement of corporate image as well as reduction of resource consumption, which consequently will allow costs to be reduced.
Frequently asked questions
Is the analysis of the carbon footprint obligatory?
No. But a lot of enterprises, mainly multinational companies, are interested in assessing their CF. For companies, one of the reasons is that they can use it as a marketing tool on the labels of their products.
How to assess the carbon footprint coefficient?
In the case of products/services, the assessment of the CO2 emission is based on the life cycle assessment (LCA). In the case of companies, the procedure inludes the input sources (material, energy, others) and the output (CO2emission). There are different assessment standards availlable.
What software is availlable for calculating the carbon footprint?
For example: SimaPro, Carbonostics, and GaBI.
Is using of software: SimaPro, Carbonostics, and GaBi sufficient to analyse the effect of product on environment?
No, using such software does not replace the LCA assessment.
Is it necessary to use carbon footprint labels on products?
No. But, it is a good opportunity to communicate it to consumers. One of the goals of the assessment is to label the product and in this way to differentiate it from other similar products. It is a new marketing tool.
What sources of GHG emissions are taken into account?
The assessment includes: use of energy, fuel, losses of refrigeration gas, services, land use, waste production and agricultural activities. It takes into account emissions from the use of fossil fuels. Those resulting from biological sources are not taken in account, except for the land use change. It should also take into account emissions which do not result in CO2 emissions from fossil or biological sources.
How are the emissions from hybrid company cars accounted for in the Carbon Footprint of an Organization?
Procedure is identical as in case of other vehicles. One should analyse fuel/energy consumption plus materials etc).
Regarding the reduction of the Carbon footprint, what is the option most used by SMEs and large companies in the footwear and textile sector?
Reduction of mass of materials used, choice of the accesories/materials supliers who are closer to the footwear manufacturer
What organizations are accredited in my country to certify the ISO 14000 family standards?
In Poland it is for example Polskie Centrum Badań i Akredytacji: https://www.pcbc.gov.pl/pl/uslugi/certyfikacja-systemow-zarzadzania/pn-en-iso-14001, and TUV Nord https://www.tuv-nord.com/pl/pl/home
Is there a database at national or international level of companies that have been certified under ISO 14000 standards?
Yes, it is availlable for example in: https://www.certipedia.com/search/matching_system_certificates?utf8=%E2%9C%93&locale=pl&q=ISO+14001&certificate_type=iso+14001